Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the celery family Umbelliferae. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is a highly aromatic and flavourful herb with culinary and medicinal uses. It is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe.
Fennel symbolizes longevity, courage, and strength. In addition to its use as medicinal values, fennel has many health benefiting nutrients, essential compounds, anti-oxidants, dietary fibre, vitamins.
- Fennel is a symbol of strength and longevity. It was also believed by ancient Greeks to increase one’s courage.
- Fennel seeds indeed contain numerous flavonoid anti-oxidants like kaempferoland quercetin. These compounds function as powerful anti-oxidants by removing harmful free radicals from the body thus offer protection from cancers, infection, aging and degenerative neurological diseases.
- Fennel is a rich source of dietary fibre. Much of this roughage is metabolically inert insoluble fibre, which helps increase bulk of the food by absorbing water throughout the digestive system and easing constipation condition.
- A number of volatile oil compounds like myrcene, fenchone, chavicol, cineole are present in these seeds that assist in digestive, carminative and anti-oxidant reactions in the body.
- Furthermore, the seeds indeed are the storehouse for many vital vitamins. Vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin C as well as many B-complex vitamins like thiamin, pyridoxine, riboflavin and niacin particularly are concentrated in these seeds.
- Fennel seeds are concentrated source of minerals likecopper, iron, calcium, potassium, manganese, selenium, zinc, and magnesium.
- Cholesterol absorption in the arteries is prevented by the action of the fibre binding to the bile salts. Fibre present in fennel seeds decreases re absorption of cholesterol thereby preventing any heart related diseases.